In this letter, high responsivity 4H-SiC vertical Schottky UV photodiodes based on the pinch-off surface effect, obtained by means of self-aligned Ni2Si interdigit contacts, are demonstrated. The diode area was 1mm2, with a 37% directly exposed to the radiation. The dark current was about 200pA at −50V. Under a 256nm UV illumination, a current increase of more than two orders of magnitude is observed, resulting in a 78% internal quantum efficiency. The vertical photodiodes showed an ultraviolet-visible rejection ratio >7×103 and a responsivity a factor of about 1.8 higher than a conventional planar metal-semiconductor-metal structure.
American Institute of Physics
21 Aug 2006
Volume: 89 Issue: 8 Pages: 081111
Applied physics letters