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We report development, testing, and in vivo characterization of a multichannel optical probe for continuous wave (CW) functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) that relies on silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) detectors. SiPMs are cheap, low voltage, and robust semiconductor light detectors with performances analogous to photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). In contrast with PMTs, SiPMs allow direct contact with the head and transfer of the analog signals through thin cables greatly increasing the system flexibility avoiding optical fibers. The coupling of SiPMs and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) made the optical probe lightweight and robust against motion artifacts. After characterization of SiPM performances, which was proven to provide a noise equivalent power below 3 fW, the apparatus was compared through an in vivo experiment to a commercial system relying on laser diodes, PMTs, and optical fibers for light probing …
International Society for Optics and Photonics
Publication date: 
1 Sep 2017

Antonio M Chiarelli, Sebania Libertino, Filippo Zappasodi, Massimo C Mazzillo, Francesco Di Pompeo, Arcangelo Merla, Salvatore A Lombardo, Giorgio Piero Fallica

Biblio References: 
Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 035002