All haemodynamically stable patients with blunt abdominal trauma can be managed conservatively by non-operative management which is the treatment of choice in 80% of liver trauma. Non-operative management, when feasible, yields very good results in terms of survival, need for blood transfusions, morbidity and reduction of hospital stay. The Authors retrospectively analyse their recent experience with liver trauma. Of 53 patients with blunt liver trauma, 36 underwent surgical treatment whereas 17 haemodynamically stable patients received non-operative management. After CT scans, all patients on non-operative management underwent haemodynamic monitoring, US and blood examinations. A percentage of 47.1% had a> or= grade III trauma. The mortality and morbidity rates were 0% and no blood transfusions were needed. The efficacy of non-operative management was 100% and none of the patients needed subsequent surgical treatment. Our clinical experience demonstrates that non-operative management is feasible and effective even for higher grade traumas, but always requires strict clinical, haemodynamic and US monitoring and careful patient selection. Current progress in the field and recent evidence reported in the literature indicate the likelihood of further developments and more widespread utilisation of non-operative management in liver trauma.
1 Jan 2005
Volume: 57 Issue: 3 Pages: 345-350