In this work, raw halloysite mineral from Dunino (Poland) has been characterized and tested as an efficient and low-cost adsorbent for dye removal from water. The morphology and structure of this clay were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and the chemical composition was evaluated by means of X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The results showed that it is made up of both platy and tubular structures, mainly composed of Si, Al, and O. Iron oxide particles covering the platy structures were also observed. The surface charge of halloysite was measured by z-potential measurements and by the evaluation of the point of zero charge. The clay was tested as an adsorbent for the removal of positively and negatively charged dye molecules, i.e., methylene blue (MB) and methyl orange (MO), both separately and in a mixed-dye solution. Halloysite showed the ability to efficiently and selectively remove MB molecules by adsorption, both in a single-dye solution and in a mixed one. The adsorption of positive dyes on the clay surface mainly occurred through ion exchange at negatively charged sites on its surface. The possibility of regenerating the clay for further dye removal processes is also shown.
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
1 Jan 2021
Volume: 14 Issue: 13 Pages: 3676