In this paper, the nanoscale structural and electrical evolution of Ta- and Ti-based contacts was investigated employing several analytical techniques. A correlation between the improvement of the electrical quality of the contacts and the formation of Al-alloyed phases (TaAl3 or TiAl3) during annealing was observed. However, while for the Ti/Al contacts an Ohmic behavior with a contact resistance Rc ∼ 1.8 Ω mm has been achieved after annealing at 500 °C, Ta/Al contacts exhibited a higher contact resistance (Rc ∼ 36.3 Ω·mm) even after annealing at 700 °C. The different electrical behaviour has been explained considering the different interface and the homogeneity of the current transport at a nanoscale level.
American Institute of Physics
28 Aug 2013
Volume: 114 Issue: 8 Pages: 083717
Journal of Applied Physics